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Research & Initiatives

Research & Initiatives

Trade Research

5th Review of the China-Pakistan Free Trade Agreement with Recommendations for Phase II Negotiations

Including a Note on China’s Steel Industry This is the fifth publication from the Pakistan Business Council (PBC) on the...

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Trade with the European Union (28) – 2017

EU is one of the most important trading partners for Pakistan; accounting for 17% of Pakistan’s total trade in 2017....

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A Review of the Pakistan-Sri Lanka Free Trade Agreement

The Free Trade Agreement (FTA) between Pakistan and Sri Lanka came into effect in July 2005 after being signed in...

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Pakistan’s Trade with its Regional Partners: India, Iran & Afghanistan

Regional trading blocs have helped their respective member states to become competitive and contributed greatly to their economic development. Pakistan...

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4th Review of the China Pakistan Free Trade Agreement (CPFTA) & Recommendations for Phase II Negotiations

The China Pakistan Free Trade Agreement (CPFTA) was signed between the governments of Pakistan and China in November 2006. Phase...

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A Review of the Proposed Pakistan Thailand Free Trade Agreement

The idea of a Free Trade Agreement (FTA) between Pakistan and Thailand was floated in early 2013. This decision was...

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Third Review of the Pakistan – Turkey Free Trade Agreement

In December 2013, the EU granted GSP+ status to Pakistan starting from January 1, 2014. Since Turkey has a Customs...

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The Potential Impact of Brexit on Pakistan – United Kingdom Bilateral Trade

The EU was established to merge the European nations economically, politically, along with equal citizen rights, single currency and a...

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Pakistan’s GSP+ Status… A Missed Opportunity

The European Union (EU) granted GSP+ status to Pakistan in December 2013. Pakistan qualified for GSP+ by being a low...

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Trade with the European Union (28)

Trade with the European Union (28) plays a significant role in Pakistan’s trade; Pakistan had a trade surplus of $2.14...

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Pakistan India Bilateral Trade and The Case for Balanced Trade Normalization

Normalization of relations between Pakistan and India doesn’t appear to be on the cards in the near term, but given geography, normalization is a matter of “when” and not “if”. The biggest beneficiary once this normalization in political relations takes place will be trade between the two countries.

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Post-Brexit Feasibility of a Pakistan-UK Free Trade Agreement

The historic decision of the voters in the United Kingdom (UK) to quit the European Union – a process also known as Brexit – can potentially have a major negative impact on Pakistan’s exports.

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Afghan Transit Trade through Pakistan & Pakistan Afghanistan Bilateral Trade

Afghan Transit Trade (ATT) through Pakistan is frequently a bone of contention between the two countries. Afghanistan complains that Pakistan is a major obstacle to transit trade with frequent changes in rules.

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