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Research & Initiatives

Research & Initiatives

Pakistan-India Trade Normalization: A Word Of Caution

India granted MFN status to Pakistan in 1996. SAFTA (South Asian Free Trade Agreement) came into force in 2006, resulting in tariff concessions by both India and Pakistan.

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Pakistan’s EU GSP+ Status: First Year Performance & Future Potential

Pakistan’s GSP+ status under the European Union’s (EU) new Generalised Scheme of Preferences came into effect as of 1 January 2014.

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Afghanistan’s Transit Trade Patterns Pre & Post APTTA

Afghanistan and Pakistan signed a new transit trade agreement, Afghanistan Pakistan Transit Trade Agreement (APTTA), in 2010 to cover the movement of Afghanistan’s external trade through Pakistan.

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An Assessment of the Pakistan – Sri Lanka Free Trade Agreement

The Pakistan-Sri Lanka Free Trade Agreement was signed in July 2002. Trade between Pakistan and Sri Lanka has shown lackluster growth since the FTA’s inception.

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An Analysis of the Pakistan-Indonesia PTA & a Framework for Negotiating the Pakistan-Indonesia FTA

The Pakistan-Indonesia Preferential Trade Agreement was signed in February 2012.

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Pakistan-Canada Trade Overview

Pakistan’s exports to Canada in 2013 were $233.91 million, while imports came up $121.72 million, making bilateral trade in 2013 add up to $355.63 million..

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Second Review of the Pak-China FTA and Recommendations for Phase II

The Pakistan Business Council (PBC) is a business policy advocacy forum, representing private-sector businesses that have substantial investments in Pakistan’s...

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Afghanistan – Overview

One of Pakistan’s top export partners, Afghanistan shares many trade, cultural and political ties with Pakistan. Afghanistan’s total bilateral trade in 2013 was $7 billion while bilateral trade between Pakistan and Afghanistan...

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Under-invoicing rampant on imports from UAE

Under-invoicing has been witnessed on the imports from UAE with price disparities in items including mineral and chemicals, pharmaceuticals, dyes, cosmetics, others...

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A brief analysis of import value discrepancies in Pakistan’s imports from UAE

According to the Federal Board of Revenue (FBR), the country loses about 150 billion rupees each year to under-invoicing in imported goods.

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A Road Map For Optimizing Pakistan’s GSP Plus Status

The European Union (EU) granted Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) Plus status to Pakistan effective from 1st January, 2014.

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Preliminary analysis of Pakistan India trade and a viable roadmap for trade liberalization

This Study conducted by the Pakistan Business Council (PBC) identifies potential for bilateral trade between Pakistan and India. It highlights...

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